Community Based Inclusive Development

this image shows a young Vietnamese girl with an intellectual disability, sitting on the floor of her house with her mother, who has her hand on her daughter's back and is smiling at the little girl.
© CBM
Ny Ny Le Thi, an 8 year old vietnamese girl was diagnosed with an intellectual disability and has been provided with rehabilitation, a walking frame and a wheelchair from CBM.

CBM has a long history and a solid reputation in the Community Based Inclusive Development (CBID- formerly CBR) field. Our CBID program work is person centred and community focused. It recognizes that building strong communities requires a focus on equal access to good quality services (health, education, social and livelihood) and on civic participation aimed at supporting people with disabilities, their families and organizations to have the ability and confidence to fully participate in the social, economic and political life of their communities.

What is Community Based Inclusive Development?

CBID is CBM’s approach to enable disability inclusive development on the ground. It brings about change in lives of people with disability at community level, working with and through local groups and institutions. It enhances and strengthens earlier work described as Community- based Rehabilitation (CBR).

A CBID approach uses strategies as described in the CBR Guidelines. CBID addresses challenges for persons with disabilities, their families and their organizations, working in situations of poverty, and offers opportunities for them to by working with community based self-help groups and livelihoods activities. CBID particularly promotes the participation and voice of people with disabilities in decision-making processes at the local level. CBID is implemented at a range of levels – individual, community and society - to ensure services (such as health, education, livelihood and social) are accessible to all persons with disabilities living with poverty, whether women, men, boys or girls.

A CBID approach supports the implementation the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities  (CRPD) and other human rights, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and additionally incorporates learning from the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction in its incorporation of IDRR.

CBM’s CBID work brings about greater inclusion for people with disabilities in health, social, education, livelihood and other local areas by supporting the work of those responsible (duty bearers) in both communities and service delivery, thus ensuring all people with disabilities can participate in their community life and fully enjoy their rights.

CBID strategy encourages inclusive, resilient, equitable communities where people with disabilities are empowered to exercise their rights, aligning with CBM’s overall vision of an inclusive world. CBID uses ‘bottom-up’ and ‘person-centered’  approaches at community level, using participatory processes to include everyone. CBID programs include health, education, livelihood, social and empowerment activities, working closely with local partners, local governments and representative groups of persons with disabilities to bring about change. In high risk areas CBID programs also include activities around community preparedness and resilience for when disasters and/or conflict strike.

CBID projects may be the only possibility for improved quality of life for persons with disabilities living in the poorest communities, where limited local infrastructure is in place. By working locally with persons with disabilities, self-help groups and their larger organizations to help bring about structural changes to access and delivery of services, CBID encourages more inclusive, responsive and accountable communities.

Core principles and criteria for CBID work

CBM’s CBID work is guided by the principles of the CRPD that can be summarised in a core set of DID standards and six quality criteria, through which CBM and partners can be held accountable.

Key criteria for quality programming 

  1. cross-disability, including the different identities that persons with all types of impairment may have e.g. gender, age
  2. multi-sectoral, linked to strengthening delivery from systems, e.g. health, education, livelihoods
  3. CRPD aligned: summarised in five quality standards
  4. community owned and directed
  5. built on the strengths and resources of the communities
  6. twin track, addressing both issues specific to people with disability and related to mainstreaming into local systems

CBID is a programmatic approach to achieve Disability Inclusive Development.


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