Community Based Rehabilitation
- © CBM
CBR is a inclusive development strategy deployed to eliminate barriers to development; it aims to address the causes of disability; and to deliver quality services and programs.
What is CBR?
CBR is concerned with community action, which guarantees the same rights and opportunities for everyone, including persons with disabilities, in order to maximize the full potential of everyone in the community. It believes in the ability, potential and right of persons with disabilities to contribute to progress. CBR also believes in the inherent capacities of any community and begins by living, listening, learning and sharing with the community. CBR is an approach which aims to deliver specialized services and access mainstream services, builds on what is already happening in any community, utilizes local resources AND break down barriers so that people with disabilities have the same rights, the same opportunities as their fellow citizens.
Poverty has been shown to lead to exclusion (from services and community activities) and increases the chances of disability; in turn, disability usually means exclusion from these same services and increases the chances of poverty. Health care, education and livelihood services may be scarce, costly and not conducive for persons with disabilities to access due to various barriers.
A cost-effective strategy that makes use of existing community services and promotes inclusion in place of exclusion is needed to reach persons with disabilities within their communities.
How does CBR work?
CBR is concerned with improving the quality of life of everyone, including health, education, livelihood, social participation and empowerment. To accomplish this, CBR’s focus goes beyond the individual by also working systematically to remove society’s negative attitudes and barriers to inclusive development.
- Community participation and community ownership of programs, two essential ingredients for sustainability.
- The government (local to national) is the duty bearer and takes the lead in ensuring CBR, as a strategy, is institutionalized through local/national legislation with matching and appropriate rights-focused activities and budgets.
- People with disabilities, like everyone else, have equitable and barrier-free access to all services and opportunities, such as health services, education, poverty alleviation and livelihood programs, social justice, cultural and religious events, and to social relationships.
- The central role of people with disabilities, their families and their organizations (DPOs) in implementing and managing programs using the CBR strategy.
- Partnership between government, DPOs, non-government agencies, business sectors, faith-based groups and other community organizations.
- CBR starts from where the people are, and grows from the unique context of each community.