Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
- © CBM
CBM supports Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) programmes in areas where these diseases are identified as a public health problem. By building on our long experience and existing strengths, and by developing alliances and networks, we aim to achieve sustainable community-owned NTD programmes.
A barrier to inclusive development
- Lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis) – affecting 120 million people – is caused by parasitic worms transmitted by mosquitoes and can lead to the swelling of limbs also known as “elephantiasis”.
- Onchocerciasis (river blindness) – affecting 37 million people – is a parasitic disease caused by a roundworm and is the world's second-leading infectious cause of blindness. Read more on WHO website.
- Soil-transmitted helminths (3 types) – affecting 600-800 million people – are parasites found in soil that can cause a wide range of problems such as diarrhoea, abdominal pain, anaemia and general weakness; sever infection can impair growth and cognitive development.
- Trachoma – affecting 40 million people – is an infectious eye disease, and the leading cause of global infectious blindness. Read about - and download - the 2011 ICTC strategy report '2020 INSight'.
- Schistosomiasis (snail fever, also known as bilharzia) – affecting 200 million people – is caused by a parasitic worm; it can damage internal organs and, in children, impair growth and cognitive development.
- Onchocerciasis (river blindness) - CBM supports the annual treatment with Ivermectin through community directed implementation approach. CBM is mainly active with partners in CAR, Nigeria, DRC, Southern Sudan and Burundi. River blindness is now controlled in 34 endemic countries. Reports from 10 West African countries (previously the most severely affected areas) indicate, there has been prevention of 600,000 cases of blindness and 25 million hectares of land are now safe for cultivation and resettlement. As a founding member of the NGDO Group for Onchocerciasis Control, CBM was involved in the founding of the African Program for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC).
- Trachoma - CBM supports a comprehensive SAFE strategy (acronym for Surgery for trichiasis, Antibiotic therapy, Facial cleanliness, and Environmental improvement) with expertise mainly in trichiasis-surgery. CBM is mainly active with partners in Ethiopia, Myanmar, Pakistan, India, Tanzania, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Kenya, China, Cameroon and Nigeria. The number of people affected by blinding trachoma has fallen from 360 million people in 1985 to approximately 80 million people today.
- NTD programme - In 2007 CBM, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and other partners, started a comprehensive NTD control programme in Burundi with financial support from Geneva Global. This is now focusing on impact surveys and integration into National Health Services for sustainability.